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What Does a Financial Analyst Do? A Comprehensive Guide

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What Does a Financial Analyst Do? A Comprehensive Guide

Financial Analyst

An expert who analyzes financial data and offers recommendations based on their findings is known as a financial analyst. They do this to assist people and organizations in making wise financial decisions. They use their knowledge of economic and financial principles to spot patterns, trends, and dangers that might have an impact on financial results.

Effective financial management is a task that financial analysts aid both firms and individuals with. They offer perceptions and suggestions that may have an effect on budgets, investments, and overall financial performance. They can assist businesses and people in making wise decisions and reducing financial risks by studying financial data.

What is Financial Analysis?

Financial Analysis

Financial analysis is the process of using financial data to evaluate and assess a company’s performance, budget, and overall financial health. It involves examining financial statements, economic conditions, and market trends to assess the profitability, liabilities, strengths, weaknesses, and future potential of an organization. Financial analysts use different types of analysis to do this, such as vertical analysis, horizontal analysis, liquidity analysis, scenario and sensitivity analysis, profitability analysis, variance analysis, and valuation analysis. Financial analysts provide insights to clients on how to manage their finances by interpreting financial data, analyzing financial statements, creating financial models, and making investment recommendations. They consider financial statements, economic trends, and performance indicators to make financial projections and advise clients about financial decisions based on their data assessment.

Key Responsibilities of Financial Analyst

Key Responsibilities of Financial Analyst, featured jobs

Financial analysts must possess a variety of abilities and duties in order to do their jobs well because they are charged with providing financial advice to people, businesses, and governmental bodies. The main duties of a financial analyst, such as gathering and evaluating financial data, developing financial suggestions, building financial models, and keeping track of financial performance, will be covered in this part.

A. Collecting Financial Information

Financial data must be gathered from a variety of sources, including financial statements, economic statistics, and market trends. To guarantee that their evaluations are founded on accurate facts, they must have a sharp eye for detail and the ability to obtain precise and pertinent information.

B. Data Analysis for Financial

Once the necessary information has been gathered, financial analysts analyze it to find trends, patterns, and potential risks that could affect financial outcomes. They employ a number of strategies, including statistical analysis, to analyze the data and arrive at wise decisions.

C. Providing Financial Advice

Financial analysts advise people or organizations about financial decisions, such as investment opportunities or budgeting techniques, based on their assessments. To guarantee that their suggestions are accepted and properly carried out, they must efficiently and concisely express them.

D. Construction of Financial Models

To simulate situations and forecast financial outcomes, financial analysts utilize financial models. To produce precise and trustworthy models that offer insights into prospective financial risks and possibilities, they must be skilled with financial modeling software.

E. Keeping an Eye on Financial Performance

To verify the accuracy of their recommendations and projections, financial analysts must also keep an eye on financial performance. To achieve the best possible financial performance, they monitor financial variables like income and expenses and alter their analysis and suggestions as necessary.

5 Steps to Becoming a Financial Analyst

Becoming a Financial Analyst, operational

For people who have an interest in money, accounting, and economics, being a financial analyst is a fulfilling career choice. However, there are particular qualifications, training, and work experience needed to become a financial analyst. The five main phases you must complete in order to become a financial analyst are outlined in this section, including receiving a bachelor’s degree, collecting work experience, obtaining professional certifications, pursuing advanced degrees, and honing soft skills.

Step 1: Achieve a Bachelor’s Degree in Finance, Accounting, or Economics

You require a bachelor’s degree in a related subject, like finance, accounting, or economics, to work as a financial analyst. These degrees offer the fundamental expertise and knowledge required for a career in economics and finance.

Step 2: Gain Experience at an Entry-Level or Internship Position.

The ability to work is a crucial requirement for becoming a financial analyst. Internships and entry-level jobs in finance-related fields like accounting, banking, or investing are two ways you can pick up work experience. You will gain a more practical understanding of financial ideas and strategies as a result.

Step 3: Obtain a Professional Certification (Optional)

In a crowded employment market, obtaining a professional certification might make you stand out. Your proficiency in financial analysis and management is demonstrated by certifications like the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) or the Financial Risk Manager (FRM).

Step 4: Advance Your Education (Optional)

By giving you increased knowledge and skills in finance and business management, earning an advanced degree like an MBA or a Master’s in Finance can improve your employment possibilities.

Step 5: Build Soft Skills

Success as a financial analyst depends on soft qualities like leadership, teamwork, and communication. Having these abilities will enable you to communicate your analyses and recommendations clearly to clients and colleagues.

Skills Required for Financial Analyst

Skills Required for Financial Analyst

Financial data analysis and recommendation-making to people, businesses, and governments are the duties of financial analysts. Financial analysts need a specialized set of talents, including strong analytical and quantitative abilities, attention to detail, solid communication skills, competency with financial modeling software, and knowledge of economic and financial principles, in order to execute this work successfully. We will discuss the abilities needed to become a successful financial analyst in this part.

A. Solid Mathematical and Analytical Skills

Financial data analysis and interpretation skills are essential for financial analysts. To build and analyze financial models, they need a solid background in statistics and mathematics.

B. Observation of Details

Financial analysts must pay close attention to detail. To ensure the correctness of their assessments and suggestions, they must be thorough in the collection and analysis of financial data.

C. Exceptional Communication Skills

Financial analysts need to be able to explain difficult financial ideas and give advice to people or organizations. They must be able to effectively and concisely communicate their conclusions.

D. Software for Financial Modeling Expertise

To develop precise and trustworthy financial models, financial analysts must be skilled with financial modeling software. They must be able to simulate scenarios and forecast financial outcomes using the software.

E. Understanding of Financial and Economic Principles

Financial analysts need to be well-versed in economic and financial fundamentals. They must comprehend the operation of the financial markets, how economic developments affect financial results, and be able to spot trends and patterns that can have an impact on financial performance.

Industries Employing Financial Analysts

Industries Employing Financial Analysts

Many industries, including banking and finance, consulting, investment firms, the government, and private corporations, have a high demand for financial analysts. The tasks and responsibilities of financial analysts within each of these businesses will be examined in greater detail in this section. Knowing which sectors use financial analysts might help you choose one that fits your interests and professional aspirations.

Financial analysts can work in many different sectors, such as:

A. Finance and Banking

Financial analysts are employed by banks and other financial institutions to evaluate the risk involved with investments, loans, and other financial goods. To choose the most effective investment strategy for their clients, they also evaluate financial data.

B. Consulting

To give clients financial guidance on topics including mergers and acquisitions, financial planning, and risk management, consulting businesses employ financial analysts.

C. Investing Companies

Financial analysts are employed by investment businesses to perform research and analysis on potential investments. To choose the best investment plans for their clients, they analyze data using financial models.

D. Government

Government organizations employ financial analysts to examine economic patterns and financial information in order to make choices about taxation, expenditure, and fiscal policy.

E. Private Businesses

Financial analysts are employed by private businesses to examine financial data and offer suggestions for investments, budgeting, and other financial choices. They also employ financial research to find chances for development and growth.

Types of Financial Analysts

Types of Financial Analysts

1. Investment Banking Analyst

An Investment Banking Analyst is a professional who facilitates transactions between large corporations, such as mergers. This includes researching and assessing current financial conditions, using forecasting, and making recommendations as to whether or not a certain merger is appropriate for that investment bank’s client or whether a client should invest venture capital in an enterprise. Investment banking analysts also source funding for long-term projects and bring private companies onto the public stock exchange through initial public offerings (IPOs). Equity analysts are also used to make buy and sell decisions for big banks and to find companies that present the most lucrative opportunities for ownership. Financial analysts typically get their start by specializing in a particular investment area, such as the energy, technology, or agricultural sectors.

2. Stock Market Analyst

A stock market analyst is a financial professional who evaluates and analyzes tradable assets, such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and pension funds, to recommend when to buy, sell, or trade securities. An analyst may specialize in stocks, bonds, or a specific sector or industry, such as energy or technology. They use financial data as well as quantitative analysis to project how security will perform in the marketplace.

The duties of a stock market analyst include creating investment strategies for companies, evaluating and comparing the quality of securities in a sector or industry, and making buy and sell recommendations to clients. They also track the stocks in a fund’s portfolio, write research reports with certain recommendations, such as “buy,” “sell,” “strong buy,” “strong sell,” or “hold,” and make presentations about their findings to clients and colleagues. Analysts also recommend ways to cut costs and increase revenue within companies and organizations. They are sometimes classified into two categories: buy-side analysts, who create investment strategies for companies, and sell-side analysts, who provide guidance to financial services sales agents. Sell-side analysts work for big investment banks and help price their own investment products and sell them in the marketplace.

3. Wealth Management Analyst

A Wealth Management Analyst is a financial professional who provides advice to clients regarding their financial goals and objectives. They analyze a client’s financial situation and develop strategies for managing assets and investments. Wealth Management Analysts also assess a client’s risk tolerance, develop and manage investment portfolios, and monitor their performance. They use their knowledge of the financial markets and trends to make recommendations that are tailored to an individual’s specific goals. They also provide advice on estate planning, taxes, and retirement planning. Wealth Management Analysts often work with clients on a long-term basis, providing ongoing guidance and advice as needed.

4. Stock Broker

stock broker

A stock broker is a financial professional who facilitates the buying and selling of stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other securities. They act as a liaison between individuals who are looking to invest and the companies offering the securities. Stock brokers help investors make informed decisions about their investments by providing them with advice and research about the markets, analyzing financial data, and providing recommendations for buys, sells, or trades.

Stock brokers may specialize in one or more areas of the financial markets, such as equities, fixed-income securities, mutual funds, pension funds, derivatives, and commodities. Some may also work in investment banking, assisting in the facilitation of transactions between large corporations and helping companies source funding for long-term projects. Others work as buy-side or sell-side analysts, creating investment strategies on behalf of institutional investors and providing guidance to financial services sales agents, respectively.

5. Financial Analysis Professionals

The duties of a financial analyst professional include gathering and interpreting financial data, analyzing financial statements, creating financial models, and making investment recommendations. They also stay up-to-date on market trends and economic developments that may affect their clients’ investments. Moreover, they must monitor external financial trends, create forecast models, identify opportunities for profit, recommend ways to cut costs, increase revenue within companies and organizations, perform quantitative research, and present findings to clients and colleagues.

6. Consulting Firms

Financial analysts can find consulting opportunities in a variety of places, including investment banks, private corporations, and brokerage firms. Some examples of consulting firms for financial analysts include:

  1. Hedge Funds: Hedge funds are investment companies that manage funds for a large pool of investors. Financial analysts employed by hedge funds provide consulting services on potential investments, such as stocks or other companies.
  2. Private Equity Firms: Private equity firms specialize in investing in private companies. Financial analysts working for private equity firms consult on potential investments and how to structure a deal to maximize returns.
  3. Investment Banks: Investment banks provide services such as issuing stocks and bonds and advise companies on mergers, acquisitions, and other strategic financial decisions. Financial analysts working at an investment bank provide consulting services on these various business transactions.
  4. Government Agencies: Government agencies such as the Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury employ financial analysts to provide consulting services on economic policy, financial regulations, and other economic matters.
  5. Private Corporations: Many private corporations employ financial analysts to advise on various financial decisions and strategies. Financial analysts provide consulting services on financial matters such as budgeting, forecasting, and cash management.

7. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Analyst

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent, federal government agency responsible for overseeing and regulating the nation’s financial markets. The SEC’s primary purpose is to protect investors from fraud and manipulation. The SEC also encourages the disclosure of important market information and enforces laws that ensure the fair and orderly functioning of financial markets.

For financial analysts, the SEC is an important regulatory body as it provides oversight of the markets and ensures that information provided by companies is accurate and up-to-date. The SEC also sets rules and regulations that govern the financial industry, such as the prohibition of insider trading. This helps to create an environment in which financial analysts can make informed and reliable decisions. In addition, the SEC monitors the activities of entities such as investment banks and mutual funds to ensure they are acting in the best interests of their clients. Finally, the SEC also provides resources and education to investors, including information on different types of investments, how to research stocks, and how to identify fraudulent behavior.

8. Public Company Financial Analyst

The duties of a public company financial analyst include researching, analyzing, and evaluating public companies, including stocks, bonds, and other securities. They also provide recommendations to clients on when to buy, sell, or trade these securities. Additionally, they keep track of the financial performance of the companies they are analyzing, identify trends and risks, and evaluate the solvency of the public companies. Financial analysts often develop financial models to aid in their research and analysis and must be knowledgeable about accounting principles and terminology, income statements, cost structures, balance sheets, and financial ratios. They must also have an understanding of the regulations relating to equity, debt, and hybrid securities.

9. Hedge Funds Analyst

Hedge funds are alternative investments that are used to manage assets in a way that reduces the risk of loss. These funds rely on the use of derivatives and short-selling in order to generate returns over the short term. Hedge funds are typically not available to the general public, and are instead only available to wealthy investors and institutions.

In comparison, financial analysts are professionals who specialize in researching, analyzing, and making decisions on investments. They typically work for organizations like hedge funds, investment banks, private corporations, and government agencies. Financial analysts focus on tradable assets such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and pension funds. They use financial data to advise when to buy, sell, or trade securities.

10. Bankers and Brokers

Bankers and brokers are professionals who work in the finance industry to facilitate transactions between large corporations. Bankers are usually employed at investment banks and are responsible for providing advice on mergers, acquisitions, and other corporate transactions. Brokers are employed at securities firms and focus on the buying, selling, and trading of stocks, bonds, and other investments.

Both bankers and brokers are involved in the financial analysis process. Bankers typically provide strategic advice to clients such as corporations and governments on financial matters. They also assist with capital raising, mergers and acquisitions, and other transactions. Brokers are responsible for providing clients with access to the markets. They use their expertise in financial markets to help clients buy and sell securities, identify investments, and manage risk.

How to Become a Financial Analyst

How to Become a Financial Analyst

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

Step 1: Research a bachelor’s degree in a field related to finance, such as finance, accounting, economics, statistics, analytics, business management, or mathematics.

Step 2: Look into educational opportunities and informational resources to help you gain the necessary knowledge and skills needed to become a financial analyst.

Step 3: Consider enrolling in an online bachelor’s degree program in finance, such as Maryville University’s online Bachelor’s in Finance program.

Step 4: Gain practical experience in the field with an internship or experiential learning.

Step 5: Pursue certifications to improve your chances of being hired or promoted. Options for these are the Financial Analysis for Credit, Certified Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)®, and Finance & Quantitative Modeling for Analysts Specialization.

Step 6: Continue your education and expand your knowledge to focus on specific aspects of finance or move into financial planning and management.

Step 2: Attain licensing and certifications

To become a financial analyst, it is important to obtain the right education, licensing, and certifications. For many financial analyst positions, employers require you to be licensed by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). Here are the steps to obtain FINRA licensing:

  1. Earn a bachelor’s degree in finance, accounting, or a related field.
  2. Obtain four years of qualified work experience.
  3. Receive a sponsorship from your employer.
  4. Pass the FINRA registration exam.

In addition to FINRA licensing, many employers recommend earning the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) credential from the CFA Institute. To qualify for the CFA credential, you need:

  1. A bachelor’s degree in finance or accounting.
  2. A minimum of four years of qualified work experience.
  3. Passing scores on the three CFA Institute exams.

You may also achieve certification in more specialized areas by demonstrating your expertise and passing additional exams.

Step 3: Build on-the-job experience

  1. Take a course: Bolster your knowledge of a particular skill by taking a course. Consider the IBM Data Analyst Professional Certificate to sharpen your data analysis skills or Yale University’s Financial Markets course to brush up on your understanding of finance.
  2. Intern: Look for internships with a company that matches your industry interest. Interning can give you experience, knowledge, and networking opportunities within the financial field to help you land a job afterward.
  3. Look for entry-level positions: Entry-level positions are geared toward analysts who are starting out in their careers. Look for titles such as Junior Financial Analyst or Associate Financial Analyst.
  4. Prepare for interviews: Be prepared for interviews by anticipating questions and having answers ready. Potential questions might include your experience with data analysis, how you stay informed about the industry, how to create a quarterly sales report, or explain EBITDA.
  5. Get hands-on experience: O*Net data shows that employers do consider relevant work experience when hiring potential financial analysts. Get hands-on experience in the financial industry as early as possible and work your way up.

Step 4: Earn a Master’s Degree in Accounting (Optional)

Earning a Master’s Degree in Accounting can help prepare potential financial analysts for the job market, as it provides advanced knowledge of topics like auditing, financial accounting and reporting, and strategic analysis, ultimately giving them an edge over the competition. Doing so may also give them the opportunity to become certified financial analysts, which will help them stand out even more and make them more attractive to employers. In addition, they may gain access to more advanced courses and specializations that can teach them advanced skill set in their field. Thus, obtaining a master’s degree in accounting can be a great way to boost a resume and open up more opportunities as a financial analyst.

Step 5: Work experience in a financial analyst role

Working experience in a financial analyst role can be very helpful for those aiming to become a financial analyst. O*Net data shows that employers take relevant work experience into consideration when hiring potential financial analysts. Having hands-on experience in the financial industry can give job candidates a big advantage over other applicants. Additionally, internships can provide aspiring financial analysts with valuable experience, knowledge, and networking opportunities. This can help them to land their first job as a financial analyst. Another way to gain experience is through entry-level positions. These typically require less experience and can be a great route for those just starting out in the financial industry.

Step 6: Blogging about finance

Blogging can be a great way to learn about the world of finance and the roles of financial analysts. With the right knowledge, anyone can explore the potential of becoming a financial analyst by researching and writing about topics related to the field. Through blogging, aspiring financial analysts can gain an understanding of the responsibilities of the role and learn the skills required, while also developing the necessary practices to stay up to date with the ever-changing financial landscape. Blogging can also help potential analysts create a portfolio of their work, as well as network with other financial professionals, making it easier to get their foot in the door in this competitive field. With the right combination of knowledge, skills, and experience, blogging can be a great tool for achieving success as a financial analyst.

Step 7: Participating in online communities

Participating in online communities can help you become a financial analyst by accessing courses, hands-on projects, and certificate programs offered by leading companies and universities. You can learn at your own pace and acquire in-demand career skills, such as risk management and enterprise fostering. Additionally, you can find special offers from The Princeton Review, and gain a better understanding of the concepts, methods, and institutions needed to become a financial analyst.

Is a Financial Analyst Career Right for You?

Financial Analyst Career

Deciding whether to pursue a career as a financial analyst requires careful consideration of both the benefits and drawbacks. Becoming a financial analyst can be an exhilarating and rewarding career choice for those who enjoy the challenges of the financial industry and possess strong analytical and problem-solving skills. The financial rewards can be attractive, and there are opportunities for career advancement. On the other hand, financial analyst positions can be extremely demanding, with long hours and intense pressure to perform. Additionally, competition for these positions can be fierce, particularly at top firms or in certain sectors.

In order to compete successfully, financial analysts need a variety of skills, including math, research, and analytical skills, as well as a keen attention to detail. They must also possess strong decision-making abilities and be able to interpret and make sense of large amounts of data.


Financial analysts are responsible for providing financial advice to businesses and investors, as well as performing analysis and assessing the economic environment. Whether or not a career as a financial analyst is right for you depends on your individual interests and strengths. It is important to weigh the pros and cons carefully before taking the leap.

If you’re looking to take the next step in your career and want to work for a company that values your skills and expertise, consider applying as a virtual finance analyst to StaffingSolutions.io. As a virtual finance analyst, you’ll have the opportunity to work with top companies and gain valuable experience in the finance industry. Don’t wait – apply today to take the first step towards an exciting and rewarding career as a financial analyst.


Q: What qualifications do I need to work as a financial analyst?

You need excellent analytical and quantitative skills, attention to detail, effective communication skills, competency with financial modeling tools, and a working understanding of economic and financial principles to become a financial analyst.

Q: Which sectors use financial analysts?

A number of businesses, including banking and finance, consulting, investment firms, the government, and private corporations, are in need of financial analysts.

Q: Do you need to be professionally certified to work as a financial analyst?

A professional certification can provide you with a competitive edge on the job market and increase your reputation with clients, but it is not obligatory to become a financial analyst.

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